palm fruit shells (#1834)

ID-number#1834
Materialpalm fruit shells
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ husk/shell/pit ▸ others
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [230] restproducten (doppen) ▸ [239] overige doppen
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2000-10-23
Remarkswaste by-product of palm oil milling
LiteratureF.N.Ani and R.Zailani: Characterisation of pyrolysis oil and char from oil palm shells, Vol 1 (Ed. A.V.Bridgwater and D.G.B.Boocock), pp. 425-432 (2000).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 8.40
Ash content wt% 2.29 2.50
Volatile matter wt% 63.02 68.80 70.56
Fixed carbon wt% 26.29 28.70 29.44 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 49.43 53.97 55.35 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 5.60 6.11 6.27 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 0.33 0.36 0.37 Measured
Oxygen wt% 34.03 37.15 38.10 Measured
Total (with halides) wt% 100.08 100.09 100.09 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 18.13 20.02 20.53
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 19.56 21.35 21.90
HHVMilne MJ/kg 20.10 21.95 22.51 Calculated