wood, spruce, sitca (#183)

ID-number#183
Materialwood, spruce, sitca
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ untreated wood ▸ fir/pine/spruce ▸ wood, spruce, sitca
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [100] hout ▸ [110] vers hout ▸ [130] naaldhout ▸ [132] naaldhout met schors
Ash typelaboratory
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Remarksgreen whole tree, chipped, silver spruce
LiteratureAnonymous: Forestry waste firing of industrial boilers, Oldham (UK), FEC Consultants, ETSU-B--1178 (1990).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 56.00
Ash content wt% 1.00 2.27
Volatile matter wt% 35.51 80.70 82.57
Fixed carbon wt% 7.49 17.03 17.43 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 21.72 49.35 50.50 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 2.67 6.06 6.20 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 0.04 0.10 0.10 Measured
Oxygen wt% 18.58 42.22 43.20 Measured
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 5.87 16.46 16.84
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 7.84 17.81 18.22
HHVMilne MJ/kg 8.68 19.73 20.19 Calculated