wood, spruce, sitca (#182)

ID-number#182
Materialwood, spruce, sitca
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ untreated wood ▸ fir/pine/spruce ▸ wood, spruce, sitca
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [100] hout ▸ [110] vers hout ▸ [130] naaldhout ▸ [132] naaldhout met schors
Ash typelaboratory
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Remarksair dried residues, chipped, silver spruce
LiteratureAnonymous: Forestry waste firing of industrial boilers, Oldham (UK), FEC Consultants, ETSU-B--1178 (1990).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 58.30
Ash content wt% 1.60 3.84
Volatile matter wt% 33.19 79.60 82.78
Fixed carbon wt% 6.91 16.56 17.22 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 20.09 48.18 50.10 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 2.37 5.67 5.90 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 0.08 0.19 0.20 Measured
Oxygen wt% 17.56 42.12 43.80 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 5.98 17.76 18.47
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 7.94 19.05 19.81
HHVMilne MJ/kg 7.84 18.79 19.54 Calculated