paper, commercial office paper (#1810)

ID-number#1810
Materialpaper, commercial office paper
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ organic residue/product ▸ paper ▸ paper, commercial office paper
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [700] overig ▸ [710] oud papier
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2000-10-20
Remarksw/wood
LiteratureJ.H.Canova and D.J.Bushnell: Testing and evaluating the combustion characteristics of densified RDF and mixed waste paper. In: Proc. Energy from biomass and wastes XVI (Ed. D.L.Klass), pp. 1191-1219, Institute of Gas Technology, Chicago (1993).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% (ar)
Ash content wt% 3.47
Volatile matter wt% 82.72 85.69
Fixed carbon wt% 13.81 14.31 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 44.98 46.60 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 6.19 6.41 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 0.13 0.13 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.02 0.02 Measured
Oxygen wt% 45.21 46.84 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.02 100.02 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 16.77 17.37
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 18.12 18.77
HHVMilne MJ/kg 18.03 18.68 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 240.0 248.6 Measured

Physical Properties

Ash melting behaviour

American standard method, measured in oxidizing conditions

IDT (initial deformation temperature) °C 1 388
SOT (softening or spherical temperature) °C 1 402
HT (hemispherical temperature) °C 1 407
FT (fluid temperature) °C 1 418

Ash Properties

Ash composition

SO3 wt% (ash) 8.95
P2O5 wt% (ash) 1.66
SiO2 wt% (ash) 21.81
Fe2O3 wt% (ash) 1.24
Al2O3 wt% (ash) 16.60
CaO wt% (ash) 31.79
MgO wt% (ash) 7.20
Na2O wt% (ash) 0.96
K2O wt% (ash) 5.19
TiO2 wt% (ash) 2.23