wood, spruce, sitca (#181)

ID-number#181
Materialwood, spruce, sitca
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ untreated wood ▸ fir/pine/spruce ▸ wood, spruce, sitca
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [100] hout ▸ [110] vers hout ▸ [130] naaldhout ▸ [132] naaldhout met schors
Ash typelaboratory
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Remarksgreen whole tree, fell delay chips, silver spruce
LiteratureAnonymous: Forestry waste firing of industrial boilers, Oldham (UK), FEC Consultants, ETSU-B--1178 (1990).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 51.90
Ash content wt% 1.00 2.08
Volatile matter wt% 40.40 84.00 85.78
Fixed carbon wt% 6.70 13.92 14.22 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 23.55 48.96 50.00 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 2.78 5.78 5.90 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 0.09 0.20 0.20 Measured
Oxygen wt% 20.68 42.99 43.90 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 7.51 18.25 18.63
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 9.40 19.53 19.95
HHVMilne MJ/kg 9.20 19.12 19.53 Calculated