paper, commercial office paper (#1809)

ID-number#1809
Materialpaper, commercial office paper
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ organic residue/product ▸ paper ▸ paper, commercial office paper
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [700] overig ▸ [710] oud papier
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2000-10-20
LiteratureJ.H.Canova and D.J.Bushnell: Testing and evaluating the combustion characteristics of densified RDF and mixed waste paper. In: Proc. Energy from biomass and wastes XVI (Ed. D.L.Klass), pp. 1191-1219, Institute of Gas Technology, Chicago (1993).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% (ar)
Ash content wt% 6.72
Volatile matter wt% 82.29 88.22
Fixed carbon wt% 10.99 11.78 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 38.75 41.54 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 6.02 6.45 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 0.00 0.00 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.03 0.03 Measured
Oxygen wt% 48.43 51.92 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 14.06 15.07
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 15.38 16.48
HHVMilne MJ/kg 15.27 16.37 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 480.0 514.6 Measured

Physical Properties

Ash melting behaviour

American standard method, measured in oxidizing conditions

IDT (initial deformation temperature) °C 1 432
SOT (softening or spherical temperature) °C 1 449
HT (hemispherical temperature) °C 1 454
FT (fluid temperature) °C 1 460

Ash Properties

Ash composition

SO3 wt% (ash) 4.44
P2O5 wt% (ash) 0.50
SiO2 wt% (ash) 37.46
Fe2O3 wt% (ash) 0.94
Al2O3 wt% (ash) 32.28
CaO wt% (ash) 14.31
MgO wt% (ash) 0.87
Na2O wt% (ash) 0.64
K2O wt% (ash) 0.34
TiO2 wt% (ash) 3.26