wood, spruce + beech (#180)

ID-number#180
Materialwood, spruce + beech
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ untreated wood ▸ others ▸ wood, spruce + beech
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [100] hout ▸ [110] vers hout ▸ [111] mengsel vers hout
Ash typelaboratory
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Literaturehttp://edv1.vt.tuwien.ac.at/AG_HOFBA/BIOBIB/Biobib.htm (1997).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% (ar)
Ash content wt% 0.76

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 51.16 51.55 Unknown
Hydrogen wt% 5.60 5.64 Unknown
Nitrogen wt% 0.11 0.11 Unknown
Sulphur wt% 0.01 0.01 Unknown
Oxygen wt% 42.35 42.67 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 18.96 19.10
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 20.19 20.34
HHVMilne MJ/kg 19.74 19.89 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 100.0 100.8 Unknown

Minor elements

Cadmium (Cd) mg/kg (dry) 0.3 Unknown
Copper (Cu) mg/kg (dry) 1.5 Unknown
Lead (Pb) mg/kg (dry) 0.9 Unknown
Mercury (Hg) mg/kg (dry) 0.0 Unknown

Physical Properties

Ash melting behaviour

American standard method, measured in oxidizing conditions

IDT (initial deformation temperature) °C 1 140
SOT (softening or spherical temperature) °C 1 260
HT (hemispherical temperature) °C 1 310
FT (fluid temperature) °C 1 340

Ash Properties

Ash composition

CO2 wt% (ash) 17.30
SO3 wt% (ash) 0.85
Cl wt% (ash) 0.13
P2O5 wt% (ash) 2.81
SiO2 wt% (ash) 35.80
Fe2O3 wt% (ash) 2.12
Al2O3 wt% (ash) 3.13
CaO wt% (ash) 24.60
MgO wt% (ash) 2.71
Na2O wt% (ash) 0.22
K2O wt% (ash) 6.60
Pb mg/kg (ash) 28.0
Cd mg/kg (ash) 0.8
Cu mg/kg (ash) 167.0
Hg mg/kg (ash) 0.1