cynara cardunculus (#1787)

ID-number#1787
Materialcynara cardunculus
Alternative nameCardoon
Classification CEN/TS 14961 classification ▸ Solid biofuels ▸ Herbaceous biomass ▸ Agriculture and Horticulture herb
ECN Phyllis classification ▸ grass/plant ▸ other plants
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2000-10-19
LiteratureF.Saez et al: Identification and quantification of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in biomass combustion emissions (Cynara Cardunculus). Proc. 10th Eur. Conf. and Technol. Exhib. (Eds. H.Kopetz et al.), pp. 1417-1419, CARMEN, Germany, 1998.

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% (ar)
Ash content wt% 10.00
Volatile matter wt% 69.70 77.44
Fixed carbon wt% 20.30 22.56 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 42.00 46.67 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 5.60 6.22 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 1.10 1.22 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.12 0.13 Measured
Oxygen wt% 37.40 41.56 Measured
Total (with halides) wt% 97.72 97.47 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 15.08 16.75
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 16.30 18.11
HHVMilne MJ/kg 16.98 18.86 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 15 000.0 16 666.7 Measured