wood, pine (#1786)

ID-number#1786
Materialwood, pine
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ untreated wood ▸ fir/pine/spruce ▸ wood, pine
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [100] hout ▸ [110] vers hout ▸ [130] naaldhout ▸ [131] naaldhout
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2000-10-19
Remarkswood chips, ash analysis from Reinoso et.al. Clean Coal Technology programme 1992-1994 Vol. 3 APAS contract Coal-CT92-0001, J.M. Bentgen, K.R.G. Hein and A.J. Minchener
LiteratureF.Saez et al: Identification and quantification of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in biomass combustion emissions (Cynara Cardunculus). Proc. 10th Eur. Conf. and Technol. Exhib. (Eds. H.Kopetz et al.), pp. 1417-1419, CARMEN, Germany, 1998.

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% (ar)
Ash content wt% 3.03
Volatile matter wt% 75.56 77.92
Fixed carbon wt% 21.41 22.08 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 51.28 52.88 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 4.69 4.84 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 0.51 0.53 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.15 0.15 Measured
Oxygen wt% 40.34 41.60 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 19.56 20.18
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 20.59 21.23
HHVMilne MJ/kg 18.75 19.34 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg (dry) 200.0

Physical Properties

Ash melting behaviour

American standard method, measured in oxidizing conditions

IDT (initial deformation temperature) °C 1 198
SOT (softening or spherical temperature) °C 1 219
HT (hemispherical temperature) °C 1 228
FT (fluid temperature) °C 1 235

Ash Properties

Ash composition

P2O5 wt% (ash) 5.27
SiO2 wt% (ash) 46.06
Fe2O3 wt% (ash) 4.48
Al2O3 wt% (ash) 10.91
CaO wt% (ash) 29.05
MgO wt% (ash) 4.73
Na2O wt% (ash) 0.62
K2O wt% (ash) 13.06
TiO2 wt% (ash) 0.17
Pb mg/kg (ash) 22.0
Cu mg/kg (ash) 115.0
Cr mg/kg (ash) 70.0