wood, birch wood from Norway, no bark (#1773)

ID-number#1773
Materialwood, birch wood from Norway, no bark
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ untreated wood ▸ birch
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [100] hout ▸ [110] vers hout ▸ [120] loofhout ▸ [122] zacht loofhout
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2000-09-29
LiteratureM.Barrio, B.Gobel, H.Risnes, U.Henriksen, J.E.Hustad and L.H.Sorensen: Steam gasification of wood char and the effect of hydrogen inhibition on the chemical kinetics. In: Progress in Thermochemical Biomass Conversion (2000).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 11.10
Ash content wt% 0.33 0.37
Volatile matter wt% 69.96 78.70 78.99
Fixed carbon wt% 18.61 20.93 21.01 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 43.29 48.70 48.88 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 5.69 6.40 6.42 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 0.07 0.08 0.08 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.00 0.00 0.00 Measured
Oxygen wt% 39.52 44.45 44.62 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

HHVMilne MJ/kg 17.53 19.72 19.79 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Major elements

Aluminium (Al) mg/kg (dry) 0.4 Measured
Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 1 000.0 Measured
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 3.0 Measured
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 1 100.0 Measured
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 1.0 Measured
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 180.0 Measured
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) 6.0 Measured
Phosphorus (P) mg/kg (dry) 130.0 Measured

Minor elements

Copper (Cu) mg/kg (dry) 2.2 Measured
Nickel (Ni) mg/kg (dry) 0.4 Measured
Lead (Pb) mg/kg (dry) 0.8 Measured
Zinc (Zn) mg/kg (dry) 2.2 Measured