wood, spruce (#177)

ID-number#177
Materialwood, spruce
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ untreated wood ▸ fir/pine/spruce ▸ wood, spruce
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [100] hout ▸ [110] vers hout ▸ [130] naaldhout ▸ [131] naaldhout
Ash typeindustrial
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Literaturehttp://edv1.vt.tuwien.ac.at/AG_HOFBA/BIOBIB/Biobib.htm (1997).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% (ar)
Ash content wt% 0.30

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 50.70 50.85 Unknown
Hydrogen wt% 5.66 5.68 Unknown
Nitrogen wt% 0.11 0.11 Unknown
Sulphur wt% 0.01 0.01 Unknown
Oxygen wt% 43.21 43.34 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 16.80 16.85
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 18.80 18.86
HHVMilne MJ/kg 19.57 19.63 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 100.0 100.3 Unknown

Physical Properties

Ash melting behaviour

American standard method, measured in oxidizing conditions

IDT (initial deformation temperature) °C 1 340
SOT (softening or spherical temperature) °C 1 410
HT (hemispherical temperature) °C 1 700
FT (fluid temperature) °C 1 700

Ash Properties

Ash composition

P2O5 wt% (ash) 2.20
SiO2 wt% (ash) 25.30
Fe2O3 wt% (ash) 2.80
Al2O3 wt% (ash) 4.00
CaO wt% (ash) 39.60
MgO wt% (ash) 5.00
Na2O wt% (ash) 0.80
K2O wt% (ash) 6.80
Pb mg/kg (ash) 13.0
Cd mg/kg (ash) 0.0
Cu mg/kg (ash) 324.0
Cr mg/kg (ash) 127.0