cacao shells (#1767)

ID-number#1767
Materialcacao shells
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ husk/shell/pit ▸ cacao ▸ cacao shells
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [230] restproducten (doppen) ▸ [232] cacaodoppen
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2000-09-12
LiteratureH.A.van der Sloot and P.A.J.P.Cnubben: Verkennende evaluatie kwaliteitsbeinvloeding poederkoolvliegas, ECN-report ECN-C-00-058, 88 p. (2000).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 8.00
Ash content wt% 7.36 8.00

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 43.24 47.00 51.09 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 5.06 5.50 5.98 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 2.81 3.05 3.32 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.19 0.21 0.23 Measured
Oxygen wt% 33.27 36.16 39.30 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 14.71 16.20 17.61
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 16.01 17.40 18.91
HHVMilne MJ/kg 17.02 18.49 20.10 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 736.0 800.0 869.6 Measured
Fluorine (F) mg/kg 0.9 1.0 1.1 Measured

Major elements

Aluminium (Al) mg/kg (dry) 1 000.0 Measured
Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 700.0 Measured
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 700.0 Measured
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 4 000.0 Measured
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 4 000.0 Measured
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 400.0 Measured
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) 900.0 Measured
Phosphorus (P) mg/kg (dry) 100.0 Measured
Titanium (Ti) mg/kg (dry) 600.0 Measured

Minor elements

Arsenic (As) mg/kg (dry) 11.5 Measured
Cadmium (Cd) mg/kg (dry) 1.5 Measured
Cobalt (Co) mg/kg (dry) 5.3 Measured
Chromium (Cr) mg/kg (dry) 81.0 Measured
Copper (Cu) mg/kg (dry) 169.0 Measured
Manganese (Mn) mg/kg (dry) 83.0 Measured
Nickel (Ni) mg/kg (dry) 32.0 Measured
Lead (Pb) mg/kg (dry) 620.0 Measured
Vanadium (V) mg/kg (dry) 11.0 Measured
Zinc (Zn) mg/kg (dry) 829.0 Measured
Barium (Ba) mg/kg (dry) 741.0 Measured
Molybdenium (Mo) mg/kg (dry) 7.6 Measured
Tellurium (Te) mg/kg (dry) 1.1 Measured
Selenium (Se) mg/kg (dry) 5.0 Measured
Mercury (Hg) mg/kg (dry) 0.3 Measured

Other elements

Tin (Sn) mg/kg (dry) 6.3 Measured
Antimony (Sb) mg/kg (dry) 20.0 Measured