olive residue, cakes from olive oil production (#1764)

ID-number#1764
Materialolive residue, cakes from olive oil production
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ husk/shell/pit ▸ olive
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [500] biomassa uit de industrie ▸ [520] schillen/vliezen/pitten ▸ [524] olijven
Ash type550degC
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2000-09-12
RemarksCl and O-content from S.Arvelakis et.al. Proc. 5th Eur. Conf. on Industrial Furnaces and Boilers, Vol.2,p.163-172. See also ID 1968, 1969 and 1970. Slightly different ash composition reported in Biomass and Bioenergy 22 (2002) 55-69.
LiteratureS.Arvelakis, C.Sotiriou, A.Moutsatsou and E.G.Koukios: Prediction of the behaviour of biomass ash in fluidized bed combustors and gasifiers. Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry 56 (3) pp. 1271-1278 (1999).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 5.50
Ash content wt% 4.35 4.60
Volatile matter wt% 68.04 72.00 75.47
Fixed carbon wt% 22.11 23.40 24.53 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 47.91 50.70 53.14 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 5.57 5.89 6.17 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 1.29 1.36 1.43 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.28 0.30 0.31 Measured
Oxygen wt% 34.98 37.02 38.81 Measured
Total (with halides) wt% 100.05 100.05 100.05 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 18.70 19.93 20.90
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 20.05 21.22 22.24
HHVMilne MJ/kg 19.30 20.42 21.41 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 1 701.0 1 800.0 1 886.8 Measured

Ash Properties

Ash composition

SO3 wt% (ash) 4.97
Cl wt% (ash) 1.43
SiO2 wt% (ash) 32.60
Al2O3 wt% (ash) 6.03
CaO wt% (ash) 21.30
MgO wt% (ash) 7.90
Na2O wt% (ash) 8.90
K2O wt% (ash) 15.10