wood, spruce (#176)

ID-number#176
Materialwood, spruce
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ untreated wood ▸ fir/pine/spruce ▸ wood, spruce
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [100] hout ▸ [110] vers hout ▸ [130] naaldhout ▸ [132] naaldhout met schors
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Remarkswith needles
Literaturehttp://edv1.vt.tuwien.ac.at/AG_HOFBA/BIOBIB/Biobib.htm (1997).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% (ar)
Ash content wt% 0.94

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 48.25 48.71 Unknown
Hydrogen wt% 5.87 5.92 Unknown
Nitrogen wt% 0.35 0.35 Unknown
Sulphur wt% 0.04 0.04 Unknown
Oxygen wt% 44.55 44.97 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 17.52 17.69
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 18.80 18.98
HHVMilne MJ/kg 18.81 18.99 Calculated