wood, spruce (#171)

ID-number#171
Materialwood, spruce
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ untreated wood ▸ fir/pine/spruce ▸ wood, spruce
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [100] hout ▸ [110] vers hout ▸ [130] naaldhout ▸ [132] naaldhout met schors
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Remarksthinning residues without needles
Literaturehttp://edv1.vt.tuwien.ac.at/AG_HOFBA/BIOBIB/Biobib.htm (1997).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% (ar)
Ash content wt% 0.91

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 47.97 48.41 Unknown
Hydrogen wt% 5.81 5.86 Unknown
Nitrogen wt% 0.10 0.10 Unknown
Oxygen wt% 45.22 45.63 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 17.28 17.44
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 18.55 18.72
HHVMilne MJ/kg 18.58 18.76 Calculated