hazelnut shell (#1698)

ID-number#1698
Materialhazelnut shell
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ husk/shell/pit ▸ hazelnut ▸ hazelnut shell
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [230] restproducten (doppen) ▸ [239] overige doppen
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date1999-10-15
RemarksCorylus avellana, sample 4, samples from Trabzon, Turkey
LiteratureM. Dogru, A. A. Malik, C. R. Howarth and H. Olgun: Use of bio-nut shells for gasification. In: Fourth biomass conference of the Americas, 29 Aug - 2 Sep 1999, Oakland, CA (Eds. R.P. Overend and E. Chornet), pp. 1051-1057, Pergamon (1999).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 12.10
Ash content wt% 0.90 1.02
Volatile matter wt% 60.54 68.87 69.58
Fixed carbon wt% 26.47 30.11 30.42 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 40.74 46.35 46.83 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 5.05 5.74 5.80 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 0.19 0.22 0.22 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.49 0.56 0.57 Measured
Oxygen wt% 40.53 46.11 46.59 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 15.85 18.37 18.56
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 17.25 19.62 19.83
HHVMilne MJ/kg 15.70 17.86 18.04 Calculated

Physical Properties

Commonly used properties

Bulk density (ar) kg/m³ (ar) 318