hazelnut shell (#1697)

ID-number#1697
Materialhazelnut shell
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ husk/shell/pit ▸ hazelnut ▸ hazelnut shell
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [230] restproducten (doppen) ▸ [239] overige doppen
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date1999-10-15
RemarksCorylus avellana, sample 3, samples from Trabzon, Turkey
LiteratureM. Dogru, A. A. Malik, C. R. Howarth and H. Olgun: Use of bio-nut shells for gasification. In: Fourth biomass conference of the Americas, 29 Aug - 2 Sep 1999, Oakland, CA (Eds. R.P. Overend and E. Chornet), pp. 1051-1057, Pergamon (1999).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 11.90
Ash content wt% 0.94 1.07
Volatile matter wt% 63.90 72.53 73.31
Fixed carbon wt% 23.26 26.40 26.69 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 41.00 46.54 47.04 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 5.22 5.92 5.98 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 0.19 0.21 0.21 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.39 0.44 0.44 Measured
Oxygen wt% 40.37 45.82 46.32 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 15.80 18.27 18.46
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 17.23 19.56 19.77
HHVMilne MJ/kg 16.02 18.19 18.38 Calculated

Physical Properties

Commonly used properties

Bulk density (ar) kg/m³ (ar) 320