hazelnut shell (#1696)

ID-number#1696
Materialhazelnut shell
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ husk/shell/pit ▸ hazelnut ▸ hazelnut shell
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [230] restproducten (doppen) ▸ [239] overige doppen
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date1999-10-15
RemarksCorylus avellana, sample 2, samples from Trabzon, Turkey
LiteratureM. Dogru, A. A. Malik, C. R. Howarth and H. Olgun: Use of bio-nut shells for gasification. In: Fourth biomass conference of the Americas, 29 Aug - 2 Sep 1999, Oakland, CA (Eds. R.P. Overend and E. Chornet), pp. 1051-1057, Pergamon (1999).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 13.00
Ash content wt% 0.65 0.75
Volatile matter wt% 62.59 71.94 72.48
Fixed carbon wt% 23.76 27.31 27.52 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 40.94 47.06 47.42 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 5.08 5.84 5.88 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 0.29 0.33 0.33 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.70 0.81 0.82 Measured
Oxygen wt% 39.33 45.21 45.55 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 16.06 18.83 18.97
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 17.49 20.10 20.26
HHVMilne MJ/kg 15.96 18.35 18.49 Calculated

Physical Properties

Commonly used properties

Bulk density (ar) kg/m³ (ar) 311