hazelnut shell (#1695)

ID-number#1695
Materialhazelnut shell
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ husk/shell/pit ▸ hazelnut ▸ hazelnut shell
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [230] restproducten (doppen) ▸ [239] overige doppen
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date1999-10-15
RemarksCorylus avellana, sample 1, samples from Trabzon, Turkey
LiteratureM. Dogru, A. A. Malik, C. R. Howarth and H. Olgun: Use of bio-nut shells for gasification. In: Fourth biomass conference of the Americas, 29 Aug - 2 Sep 1999, Oakland, CA (Eds. R.P. Overend and E. Chornet), pp. 1051-1057, Pergamon (1999).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 12.80
Ash content wt% 0.59 0.68
Volatile matter wt% 63.74 73.10 73.60
Fixed carbon wt% 22.86 26.22 26.40 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 41.07 47.10 47.42 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 4.83 5.54 5.58 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 0.09 0.10 0.10 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.75 0.86 0.87 Measured
Oxygen wt% 39.87 45.72 46.03 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 16.11 18.84 18.97
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 17.48 20.05 20.18
HHVMilne MJ/kg 15.64 17.94 18.06 Calculated

Physical Properties

Commonly used properties

Bulk density (ar) kg/m³ (ar) 327