wood, spruce (#166)

ID-number#166
Materialwood, spruce
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ untreated wood ▸ fir/pine/spruce ▸ wood, spruce
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [100] hout ▸ [110] vers hout ▸ [130] naaldhout ▸ [131] naaldhout
Ash typelaboratory
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Literaturehttp://edv1.vt.tuwien.ac.at/AG_HOFBA/BIOBIB/Biobib.htm (1997).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% (ar)
Ash content wt% 0.28

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 50.60 50.74 Unknown
Hydrogen wt% 5.68 5.70 Unknown
Nitrogen wt% 0.11 0.11 Unknown
Sulphur wt% 0.01 0.01 Unknown
Oxygen wt% 43.31 43.43 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 18.80 18.86
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 20.05 20.11
HHVMilne MJ/kg 19.55 19.60 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 100.0 100.3 Unknown

Minor elements

Cadmium (Cd) mg/kg (dry) 0.2 Unknown
Copper (Cu) mg/kg (dry) 0.7 Unknown
Lead (Pb) mg/kg (dry) 1.6 Unknown
Mercury (Hg) mg/kg (dry) 0.0 Unknown

Physical Properties

Ash melting behaviour

American standard method, measured in oxidizing conditions

IDT (initial deformation temperature) °C 1 140
SOT (softening or spherical temperature) °C 1 580
HT (hemispherical temperature) °C 1 630
FT (fluid temperature) °C 1 660

Ash Properties

Ash composition

CO2 wt% (ash) 20.90
SO3 wt% (ash) 1.46
Cl wt% (ash) 0.13
P2O5 wt% (ash) 3.39
SiO2 wt% (ash) 21.90
Fe2O3 wt% (ash) 0.83
Al2O3 wt% (ash) 0.56
CaO wt% (ash) 31.90
MgO wt% (ash) 3.55
Na2O wt% (ash) 0.24
K2O wt% (ash) 10.30
Pb mg/kg (ash) 18.0
Cd mg/kg (ash) 1.1
Cu mg/kg (ash) 1 290.0
Hg mg/kg (ash) 1.7