wood, spruce (#163)

ID-number#163
Materialwood, spruce
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ untreated wood ▸ fir/pine/spruce ▸ wood, spruce
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [100] hout ▸ [110] vers hout ▸ [130] naaldhout ▸ [131] naaldhout
Ash typelaboratory
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Literaturehttp://edv1.vt.tuwien.ac.at/AG_HOFBA/BIOBIB/Biobib.htm (1997).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% (ar)
Ash content wt% 0.96

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 51.09 51.59 Unknown
Hydrogen wt% 5.54 5.59 Unknown
Nitrogen wt% 0.12 0.12 Unknown
Sulphur wt% 0.01 0.01 Unknown
Oxygen wt% 42.27 42.68 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 18.85 19.03
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 20.07 20.26
HHVMilne MJ/kg 19.64 19.84 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 100.0 101.0 Unknown

Minor elements

Cadmium (Cd) mg/kg (dry) 0.2 Unknown
Copper (Cu) mg/kg (dry) 1.7 Unknown
Lead (Pb) mg/kg (dry) 0.9 Unknown
Mercury (Hg) mg/kg (dry) 0.0 Unknown

Physical Properties

Ash melting behaviour

American standard method, measured in oxidizing conditions

IDT (initial deformation temperature) °C 1 110
SOT (softening or spherical temperature) °C 1 640
HT (hemispherical temperature) °C 1 700
FT (fluid temperature) °C 1 750

Ash Properties

Ash composition

CO2 wt% (ash) 26.30
SO3 wt% (ash) 1.29
Cl wt% (ash) 0.17
P2O5 wt% (ash) 2.84
SiO2 wt% (ash) 8.50
Fe2O3 wt% (ash) 0.78
Al2O3 wt% (ash) 1.03
CaO wt% (ash) 42.20
MgO wt% (ash) 2.40
Na2O wt% (ash) 0.23
K2O wt% (ash) 7.30
Pb mg/kg (ash) 29.0
Cd mg/kg (ash) 1.7
Cu mg/kg (ash) 148.0
Hg mg/kg (ash) 1.8