wood, pine (#151)

ID-number#151
Materialwood, pine
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ untreated wood ▸ fir/pine/spruce ▸ wood, pine
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [100] hout ▸ [110] vers hout ▸ [130] naaldhout ▸ [131] naaldhout
Ash type ashed at 815 degC
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
RemarksUSA
LiteratureN. Magasiner and J. W. de Kock: Design criteria for fibrous fuel fired boilers. Energy World (8-9) pp. 4-12 (1987).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 50.00
Ash content wt% 1.50 3.00
Volatile matter wt% 36.50 73.00 75.26
Fixed carbon wt% 12.00 24.00 24.74 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 26.68 53.35 55.00 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 2.81 5.63 5.80 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 0.05 0.10 0.10 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.05 0.10 0.10 Measured
Oxygen wt% 18.92 37.83 39.00 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 8.66 19.75 20.36
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 10.49 20.98 21.63
HHVMilne MJ/kg 10.52 21.04 21.69 Calculated

Physical Properties

Ash melting behaviour

American standard method, measured in oxidizing conditions

IDT (initial deformation temperature) °C 1 193
HT (hemispherical temperature) °C 1 277
FT (fluid temperature) °C 1 266

Ash Properties

Ash composition

SiO2 wt% (ash) 39.00
Fe2O3 wt% (ash) 3.00
Al2O3 wt% (ash) 14.00
CaO wt% (ash) 25.50
MgO wt% (ash) 6.50
Na2O wt% (ash) 1.30
K2O wt% (ash) 6.00