olive flesh (#1496)

ID-number#1496
Materialolive flesh
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ husk/shell/pit ▸ olive
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [500] biomassa uit de industrie ▸ [520] schillen/vliezen/pitten ▸ [524] olijven
Ash type550 degC
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date1999-07-01
Remarkssame data in: Energy & Fuels 19 (2005) 825-832
LiteratureM. Öhman: A new method to quantify fluidized bed agglomeration in the combustion of biomass fuels. Licantiate thesis.Thesis, Umea University, 23 p. (1997).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 14.40
Ash content wt% 8.47 9.90

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 42.97 50.20 55.72 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 5.39 6.30 6.99 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 1.20 1.40 1.55 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.12 0.14 0.16 Measured
Oxygen wt% 27.48 32.10 35.63 Measured
Total (with halides) wt% 100.16 100.19 100.21 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 16.00 19.10 21.20
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 17.53 20.48 22.73
HHVMilne MJ/kg 18.23 21.30 23.64 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 1 284.0 1 500.0 1 664.8 Measured

Physical Properties

Ash melting behaviour

American standard method, measured in oxidizing conditions

IDT (initial deformation temperature) °C 1 100
SOT (softening or spherical temperature) °C 1 170
HT (hemispherical temperature) °C 1 190
FT (fluid temperature) °C 1 200

Ash Properties

Ash composition

SO3 wt% (ash) 3.50
Cl wt% (ash) 1.50
P2O5 wt% (ash) 4.00
SiO2 wt% (ash) 36.20
Fe2O3 wt% (ash) 4.25
Al2O3 wt% (ash) 3.60
CaO wt% (ash) 18.20
MgO wt% (ash) 12.40
Na2O wt% (ash) 1.70
K2O wt% (ash) 18.20