needles, pine (#1461)

ID-number#1461
Materialneedles, pine
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ untreated wood ▸ needles ▸ needles, pine
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [100] hout
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date1999-06-18
LiteratureP. D. Grover: Thermochemical characteristics of biomass residues for gasification, Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi, India (1989).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Main biomass properties

Proximate analysis

Moisture content wt% (ar)
Ash content wt% 1.50
Volatile matter wt% 72.40 73.50
Fixed carbon wt% 26.10 26.50 Calculated

Ultimate analysis (macroelements)

Carbon wt% 48.21 48.94 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 6.57 6.67 Measured
Oxygen wt% 43.72 44.39 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Heating value

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 18.69 18.97
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 20.12 20.43
HHVMilne MJ/kg 19.86 20.16 Calculated

Ash melting behaviour

American standard method, measured in oxidizing conditions

IDT (initial deformation temperature) °C 1 270
FT (fluid temperature) °C 1 370