bark (#1409)

ID-number#1409
Materialbark
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ untreated wood ▸ bark ▸ bark
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [100] hout ▸ [110] vers hout ▸ [112] schors
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date1999-03-12
LiteratureB. Skrifvars, R. Zevenhoven, M. Frankenhaeuser and M. Hupa: Sintering of ashes from PDF co-combustion with peat, wood and bark. In: Finnish-Swedish Flame Days 1996, September 3-4, Naantali, Finland (1996).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 10.90
Ash content wt% 2.05 2.30
Volatile matter wt% 69.59 78.10 79.94
Fixed carbon wt% 17.46 19.60 20.06 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 49.09 55.10 56.40 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 5.61 6.30 6.45 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 0.39 0.44 0.45 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.04 0.05 0.05 Measured
Oxygen wt% 31.91 35.81 36.65 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 18.71 21.30 21.80
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 20.20 22.67 23.21
HHVMilne MJ/kg 20.26 22.74 23.27 Calculated

Ash Properties

Ash composition

SiO2 wt% (ash) 14.80
Fe2O3 wt% (ash) 5.20
Al2O3 wt% (ash) 3.66
CaO wt% (ash) 34.80
MgO wt% (ash) 3.57