Estonian oil shale (#1399)

ID-number#1399
MaterialEstonian oil shale
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ fossil fuel ▸ oil
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [800] samengestelde stromen
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date1999-03-12
Remarksvolatiles from LIEKKI 2 Technical Review 1993-1998, p. 696. Sum elements and ash larger than 100%, probably due to O in ash.
LiteratureR. Zevenhoven and M. Hupa: Characterisation of fuels for advanced pressurised combustion, Joule II Clean Coal Technology R&D project, Extended progress report, Abo, Finland, Abo Akademi, JOU2-CT93-0331 (1995).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 0.32
Ash content wt% 43.66 43.80
Volatile matter wt% 54.43 54.60 97.15
Fixed carbon wt% 1.59 1.60 2.85 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 33.09 33.20 59.07 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 3.19 3.20 5.69 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 0.06 0.06 0.11 Measured
Sulphur wt% 1.99 2.00 3.56 Measured
Oxygen wt% 18.24 18.30 32.56 Measured
Total (with halides) wt% 100.75 100.75 101.33 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 11.70 11.75 20.90
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 12.40 12.44 22.14
HHVMilne MJ/kg 13.07 13.11 23.33 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 1 893.9 1 900.0 3 380.8 Measured

Major elements

Aluminium (Al) mg/kg (dry) 10 000.0 Measured
Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 4 400.0 Measured
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 600.0 Measured
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 149 700.0 Measured
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 48 600.0 Measured
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 16 400.0 Measured
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) 14 900.0 Measured
Phosphorus (P) mg/kg (dry) 160.0 Measured