black liquor (#1396)

ID-number#1396
Materialblack liquor
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ organic residue/product ▸ black liquor ▸ black liquor
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [500] biomassa uit de industrie ▸ [590] reststoffen niet VGI ▸ [594] black liquor
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date1999-03-12
Remarksvolatiles from LIEKKI 2 Technical Review 1993-1998, p. 696. Sum elements and ash larger than 100%, probably due to O in ash.
LiteratureR. Zevenhoven and M. Hupa: Characterisation of fuels for advanced pressurised combustion, Joule II Clean Coal Technology R&D project, Extended progress report, Abo, Finland, Abo Akademi, JOU2-CT93-0331 (1995).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 8.60
Ash content wt% 32.54 35.60
Volatile matter wt% 50.82 55.60 86.34
Fixed carbon wt% 8.04 8.80 13.66 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 23.49 25.70 39.91 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 4.75 5.20 8.07 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 0.08 0.09 0.14 Measured
Sulphur wt% 4.39 4.80 7.45 Measured
Oxygen wt% 34.82 38.10 59.16 Measured
Total (with halides) wt% 108.76 109.58 114.88 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 9.30 10.40 16.16
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 10.55 11.54 17.92
HHVMilne MJ/kg 10.08 11.03 17.13 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 822.6 900.0 1 397.5 Measured

Major elements

Aluminium (Al) mg/kg (dry) 400.0
Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 13 500.0 Measured
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 174 000.0 Measured
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 380.0 Measured
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 100.0
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 190.0 Measured
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) 100.0
Phosphorus (P) mg/kg (dry) 60.0 Measured