black liquor (#1395)

ID-number#1395
Materialblack liquor
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ organic residue/product ▸ black liquor ▸ black liquor
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [500] biomassa uit de industrie ▸ [590] reststoffen niet VGI ▸ [594] black liquor
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date1999-03-12
Remarksvolatiles from LIEKKI 2 Technical Review 1993-1998, p. 696. Sum elements and ash larger than 100%, probably due to O in ash.
LiteratureR. Zevenhoven and M. Hupa: Characterisation of fuels for advanced pressurised combustion, Joule II Clean Coal Technology R&D project, Extended progress report, Abo, Finland, Abo Akademi, JOU2-CT93-0331 (1995).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 6.70
Ash content wt% 34.05 36.50
Volatile matter wt% 49.54 53.10 83.62
Fixed carbon wt% 9.70 10.40 16.38 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 24.26 26.00 40.94 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 4.67 5.00 7.87 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 0.09 0.10 0.16 Measured
Sulphur wt% 4.11 4.40 6.93 Measured
Oxygen wt% 33.49 35.90 56.54 Measured
Total (with halides) wt% 107.50 108.04 112.66 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 11.00 11.97 18.84
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 12.18 13.06 20.56
HHVMilne MJ/kg 10.36 11.10 17.49 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 1 306.2 1 400.0 2 204.7 Measured

Major elements

Aluminium (Al) mg/kg (dry) 400.0
Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 9 800.0 Measured
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 191 000.0 Measured
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 260.0 Measured
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 700.0 Measured
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 80.0 Measured
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) 100.0
Phosphorus (P) mg/kg (dry) 60.0 Measured