black liquor (#1394)

ID-number#1394
Materialblack liquor
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ organic residue/product ▸ black liquor ▸ black liquor
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [500] biomassa uit de industrie ▸ [590] reststoffen niet VGI ▸ [594] black liquor
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date1999-03-12
Remarksvolatiles from LIEKKI 2 Technical Review 1993-1998, p. 696; Sum elements and ash larger than 100%, probably due to O in ash
LiteratureR. Zevenhoven and M. Hupa: Characterisation of fuels for advanced pressurised combustion, Joule II Clean Coal Technology R&D project, Extended progress report, Abo, Finland, Abo Akademi, JOU2-CT93-0331 (1995).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 9.40
Ash content wt% 36.42 40.20
Volatile matter wt% 42.40 46.80 78.26
Fixed carbon wt% 11.78 13.00 21.74 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 26.46 29.20 48.83 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 3.99 4.40 7.36 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 0.13 0.14 0.23 Measured
Sulphur wt% 4.44 4.90 8.19 Measured
Oxygen wt% 28.18 31.10 52.01 Measured
Total (with halides) wt% 109.06 110.00 116.72 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 9.00 10.19 17.04
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 10.10 11.15 18.64
HHVMilne MJ/kg 10.87 11.99 20.06 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 543.6 600.0 1 003.3 Measured

Major elements

Aluminium (Al) mg/kg (dry) 400.0
Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 8 500.0 Measured
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 186 000.0 Measured
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 310.0 Measured
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 700.0 Measured
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 110.0 Measured
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) 140.0 Measured
Phosphorus (P) mg/kg (dry) 50.0 Measured