black liquor from alkaline straw pulping (#1385)

ID-number#1385
Materialblack liquor from alkaline straw pulping
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ organic residue/product ▸ black liquor
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [500] biomassa uit de industrie ▸ [590] reststoffen niet VGI ▸ [594] black liquor
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date1999-02-25
Remarksash contains 34% carbonate
LiteratureJ. L. Sanchez et.al.: Thermal processing of black liquor from alkaline straw pulping. In: Bioenergy '96, Proceedings of the 7th national bioenergy conference, September 15-20, 1996, Nashville, Tennessee, USA, Vol 2, pp. 993-998 (1996).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 90.00
Ash content wt% 2.20 22.00

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 4.59 45.85 58.78 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 0.45 4.49 5.76 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 0.13 1.29 1.65 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.06 0.55 0.71 Measured
Oxygen wt% 2.58 25.80 33.08 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

HHVMilne MJ/kg 1.81 18.10 23.20 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 18.0 180.0 230.8 Measured

Major elements

Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 160.0 Measured
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 620.0 Measured
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 90.0 Measured