wheat straw (Dutch, pellets) (#1373)

ID-number#1373
Materialwheat straw (Dutch, pellets)
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ straw (stalk/cob/ear) ▸ wheat ▸ wheat straw (Dutch, pellets)
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [220] stro ▸ [223] tarwestro
Ash type550degC
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date1998-12-16
Remarkstested in ECN CFB gasifier (BIVKIN) and BFB gasifier (WOB)
LiteratureA. van der Drift and A. Olsen: Conversion of biomass, prediction and solution methods for ash agglomeration and related problems, final report (in preparation), EU Joule contract JOR-CT95-0079 (1999).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 9.40
Ash content wt% 11.33 12.50
Volatile matter wt% 63.06 69.60 79.54
Fixed carbon wt% 16.22 17.90 20.46 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 38.96 43.00 49.14 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 4.99 5.51 6.30 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 0.59 0.65 0.74 Measured
Oxygen wt% 34.46 38.03 43.46 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 13.98 15.69 17.93
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 15.30 16.89 19.30
HHVMilne MJ/kg 15.53 17.14 19.59 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 2 808.6 3 100.0 3 542.9 Measured