wheat straw, pellets (#1368)

ID-number#1368
Materialwheat straw, pellets
Descriptionpellets
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ straw (stalk/cob/ear) ▸ wheat ▸ wheat straw, pellets
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [220] stro ▸ [223] tarwestro
Ash type550 degC
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date1998-12-16
LiteratureECN laboratories.

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 8.20
Ash content wt% 11.20 12.20
Volatile matter wt% 70.14 76.40 87.02
Fixed carbon wt% 10.47 11.40 12.98 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 42.14 45.90 52.28 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 5.14 5.60 6.38 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 0.55 0.60 0.68 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.12 0.13 0.15 Measured
Oxygen wt% 32.28 35.16 40.05 Measured
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 14.81 16.35 18.62
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 16.13 17.57 20.01
HHVMilne MJ/kg 17.08 18.61 21.19 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 3 773.0 4 110.0 4 681.1 Measured

Major elements

Aluminium (Al) mg/kg (dry) 940.0 Measured
Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 13 200.0 Measured
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 320.0 Measured
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 3 700.0 Measured
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 34 000.0 Measured
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 690.0 Measured
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) 580.0 Measured
Phosphorus (P) mg/kg (dry) 760.0 Measured
Titanium (Ti) mg/kg (dry) 37.0 Measured

Minor elements

Arsenic (As) mg/kg (dry) 2.5
Cadmium (Cd) mg/kg (dry) 0.6
Cobalt (Co) mg/kg (dry) 1.5
Chromium (Cr) mg/kg (dry) 3.1 Measured
Copper (Cu) mg/kg (dry) 2.6 Measured
Manganese (Mn) mg/kg (dry) 17.0 Measured
Nickel (Ni) mg/kg (dry) 1.3 Measured
Lead (Pb) mg/kg (dry) 2.9 Measured
Vanadium (V) mg/kg (dry) 1.7 Measured
Zinc (Zn) mg/kg (dry) 12.0 Measured
Barium (Ba) mg/kg (dry) 23.0 Measured
Molybdenium (Mo) mg/kg (dry) 2.3 Measured
Selenium (Se) mg/kg (dry) 2.0

Other elements

Tin (Sn) mg/kg (dry) 2.0
Strontium (Sr) mg/kg (dry) 25.0 Measured
Boron (B) mg/kg (dry) 5.3 Measured
Antimony (Sb) mg/kg (dry) 3.0