miscanthus, silage (#1205)

ID-number#1205
Materialmiscanthus, silage
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ grass/plant ▸ miscanthus ▸ miscanthus, silage
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [210] gras ▸ [212] olifantsgras/miscanthus
Ash type550 degC
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date1998-05-11
Remarkssilage from February to March
LiteratureECN laboratories.

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 2.50
Ash content wt% 3.05 3.13
Volatile matter wt% 74.78 76.70 79.18
Fixed carbon wt% 19.67 20.17 20.82 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 46.56 47.75 49.29 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 5.69 5.84 6.03 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 0.37 0.38 0.39 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.07 0.07 0.07 Measured
Oxygen wt% 41.49 42.55 43.92 Measured
Total (with halides) wt% 99.79 99.78 99.77 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 17.52 18.04 18.62
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 18.83 19.31 19.93
HHVMilne MJ/kg 18.34 18.81 19.42 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 536.3 550.0 567.8 Measured
Fluorine (F) mg/kg 9.8 10.0 10.3 Measured

Major elements

Aluminium (Al) mg/kg (dry) 90.0 Measured
Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 9 500.0 Measured
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 640.0 Measured
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 1 100.0 Measured
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 7 400.0 Measured
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 480.0 Measured
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) 81.0 Measured
Phosphorus (P) mg/kg (dry) 450.0 Measured
Titanium (Ti) mg/kg (dry) 5.0 Measured

Minor elements

Arsenic (As) mg/kg (dry) 1.1
Cadmium (Cd) mg/kg (dry) 0.1 Measured
Cobalt (Co) mg/kg (dry) 0.6
Chromium (Cr) mg/kg (dry) 0.8 Measured
Copper (Cu) mg/kg (dry) 1.7 Measured
Manganese (Mn) mg/kg (dry) 8.5 Measured
Nickel (Ni) mg/kg (dry) 0.6
Lead (Pb) mg/kg (dry) 3.0
Vanadium (V) mg/kg (dry) 0.3 Measured
Zinc (Zn) mg/kg (dry) 12.0 Measured
Barium (Ba) mg/kg (dry) 1.8 Measured
Molybdenium (Mo) mg/kg (dry) 0.6 Measured
Selenium (Se) mg/kg (dry) 0.9

Other elements

Tin (Sn) mg/kg (dry) 0.7
Strontium (Sr) mg/kg (dry) 6.0 Measured
Boron (B) mg/kg (dry) 2.5 Measured
Antimony (Sb) mg/kg (dry) 1.2