miscanthus, silage (#1203)

ID-number#1203
Materialmiscanthus, silage
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ grass/plant ▸ miscanthus ▸ miscanthus, silage
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [210] gras ▸ [212] olifantsgras/miscanthus
Ash type550 degC
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date1998-05-11
Remarkssilage from November to March
LiteratureECN laboratories.

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 2.80
Ash content wt% 4.87 5.01
Volatile matter wt% 73.19 75.30 79.27
Fixed carbon wt% 19.14 19.69 20.73 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 45.82 47.14 49.63 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 5.62 5.78 6.08 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 0.44 0.45 0.47 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.08 0.08 0.08 Measured
Oxygen wt% 40.58 41.75 43.95 Measured
Total (with halides) wt% 100.26 100.27 100.29 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 17.45 18.02 18.97
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 18.74 19.28 20.30
HHVMilne MJ/kg 18.06 18.58 19.56 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 612.4 630.0 663.2 Measured
Fluorine (F) mg/kg 9.7 10.0 10.5 Measured

Major elements

Aluminium (Al) mg/kg (dry) 57.0 Measured
Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 12 000.0 Measured
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 210.0 Measured
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 2 000.0 Measured
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 10 000.0 Measured
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 530.0 Measured
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) 64.0 Measured
Phosphorus (P) mg/kg (dry) 660.0 Measured
Titanium (Ti) mg/kg (dry) 3.3 Measured

Minor elements

Arsenic (As) mg/kg (dry) 1.1
Cadmium (Cd) mg/kg (dry) 0.2 Measured
Cobalt (Co) mg/kg (dry) 0.6
Chromium (Cr) mg/kg (dry) 0.4 Measured
Copper (Cu) mg/kg (dry) 2.5 Measured
Manganese (Mn) mg/kg (dry) 12.0 Measured
Nickel (Ni) mg/kg (dry) 0.6
Lead (Pb) mg/kg (dry) 3.0
Vanadium (V) mg/kg (dry) 0.2 Measured
Zinc (Zn) mg/kg (dry) 17.0 Measured
Barium (Ba) mg/kg (dry) 3.6 Measured
Molybdenium (Mo) mg/kg (dry) 1.7 Measured
Selenium (Se) mg/kg (dry) 1.0 Measured

Other elements

Tin (Sn) mg/kg (dry) 0.7
Strontium (Sr) mg/kg (dry) 8.7 Measured
Boron (B) mg/kg (dry) 4.6 Measured
Antimony (Sb) mg/kg (dry) 1.2