miscanthus, fresh (#1202)

ID-number#1202
Materialmiscanthus, fresh
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ grass/plant ▸ miscanthus ▸ miscanthus, fresh
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [210] gras ▸ [212] olifantsgras/miscanthus
Ash type550 degC
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date1998-05-11
Remarksharvested February 1998
LiteratureECN laboratories.

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 6.90
Ash content wt% 4.38 4.70
Volatile matter wt% 69.36 74.50 78.17
Fixed carbon wt% 19.36 20.80 21.83 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 43.71 46.95 49.27 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 5.33 5.73 6.01 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 0.52 0.56 0.59 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.09 0.10 0.10 Measured
Oxygen wt% 39.11 42.01 44.08 Measured
Total (with halides) wt% 100.56 100.60 100.63 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 16.35 17.74 18.61
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 17.68 18.99 19.93
HHVMilne MJ/kg 17.14 18.41 19.32 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 5 120.5 5 500.0 5 771.2 Measured
Fluorine (F) mg/kg 12.1 13.0 13.6 Measured

Major elements

Aluminium (Al) mg/kg (dry) 69.0 Measured
Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 16 400.0 Measured
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 420.0 Measured
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 990.0 Measured
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 7 700.0 Measured
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 480.0 Measured
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) 61.0 Measured
Phosphorus (P) mg/kg (dry) 540.0 Measured
Titanium (Ti) mg/kg (dry) 3.8 Measured

Minor elements

Arsenic (As) mg/kg (dry) 1.7 Measured
Cadmium (Cd) mg/kg (dry) 1.2 Measured
Cobalt (Co) mg/kg (dry) 0.6
Chromium (Cr) mg/kg (dry) 2.1 Measured
Copper (Cu) mg/kg (dry) 2.5 Measured
Manganese (Mn) mg/kg (dry) 13.0 Measured
Nickel (Ni) mg/kg (dry) 2.0 Measured
Lead (Pb) mg/kg (dry) 3.6 Measured
Vanadium (V) mg/kg (dry) 0.3 Measured
Zinc (Zn) mg/kg (dry) 16.0 Measured
Barium (Ba) mg/kg (dry) 1.4 Measured
Molybdenium (Mo) mg/kg (dry) 0.7 Measured
Selenium (Se) mg/kg (dry) 0.9

Other elements

Tin (Sn) mg/kg (dry) 1.6 Measured
Strontium (Sr) mg/kg (dry) 4.9 Measured
Boron (B) mg/kg (dry) 3.1 Measured
Antimony (Sb) mg/kg (dry) 1.2

Physical Properties

Ash melting behaviour

American standard method, measured in oxidizing conditions

IDT (initial deformation temperature) °C 787
SOT (softening or spherical temperature) °C 826
HT (hemispherical temperature) °C 959
FT (fluid temperature) °C 1 101