miscanthus, fresh (#1201)

ID-number#1201
Materialmiscanthus, fresh
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ grass/plant ▸ miscanthus ▸ miscanthus, fresh
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [210] gras ▸ [212] olifantsgras/miscanthus
Ash type550 degC
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date1998-05-11
Remarksharvested November 1997
LiteratureECN laboratories.

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 4.40
Ash content wt% 4.58 4.79
Volatile matter wt% 71.51 74.80 78.56
Fixed carbon wt% 19.51 20.41 21.44 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 44.89 46.96 49.32 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 5.44 5.69 5.98 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 0.51 0.54 0.56 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.08 0.08 0.09 Measured
Oxygen wt% 40.27 42.12 44.24 Measured
Total (with halides) wt% 100.62 100.65 100.68 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 16.93 17.82 18.71
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 18.22 19.06 20.02
HHVMilne MJ/kg 17.55 18.35 19.28 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 4 474.1 4 680.0 4 915.5 Measured
Fluorine (F) mg/kg 9.6 10.0 10.5 Measured

Major elements

Aluminium (Al) mg/kg (dry) 150.0 Measured
Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 12 000.0 Measured
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 260.0 Measured
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 2 400.0 Measured
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 10 800.0 Measured
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 540.0 Measured
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) 100.0 Measured
Phosphorus (P) mg/kg (dry) 560.0 Measured
Titanium (Ti) mg/kg (dry) 6.3 Measured

Minor elements

Arsenic (As) mg/kg (dry) 1.1
Cadmium (Cd) mg/kg (dry) 0.2 Measured
Cobalt (Co) mg/kg (dry) 0.6
Chromium (Cr) mg/kg (dry) 2.6 Measured
Copper (Cu) mg/kg (dry) 2.5 Measured
Manganese (Mn) mg/kg (dry) 7.8 Measured
Nickel (Ni) mg/kg (dry) 2.3 Measured
Lead (Pb) mg/kg (dry) 3.0
Vanadium (V) mg/kg (dry) 0.4 Measured
Zinc (Zn) mg/kg (dry) 12.0 Measured
Barium (Ba) mg/kg (dry) 3.5 Measured
Molybdenium (Mo) mg/kg (dry) 0.9 Measured
Selenium (Se) mg/kg (dry) 0.9

Other elements

Tin (Sn) mg/kg (dry) 1.4 Measured
Strontium (Sr) mg/kg (dry) 7.7 Measured
Boron (B) mg/kg (dry) 4.5 Measured
Antimony (Sb) mg/kg (dry) 1.2

Physical Properties

Ash melting behaviour

American standard method, measured in oxidizing conditions

IDT (initial deformation temperature) °C 1 012
SOT (softening or spherical temperature) °C 1 037
HT (hemispherical temperature) °C 1 065
FT (fluid temperature) °C 1 150