hemp, silage (#1199)

ID-number#1199
Materialhemp, silage
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ grass/plant ▸ hemp
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [220] stro ▸ [225] hennep
Ash type550 degC
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date1998-05-11
Remarkssilage from September to January
LiteratureECN laboratories.

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 1.50
Ash content wt% 8.16 8.28
Volatile matter wt% 73.38 74.50 81.23
Fixed carbon wt% 16.96 17.22 18.77 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 45.48 46.17 50.34 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 5.81 5.90 6.43 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 1.12 1.14 1.24 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.16 0.16 0.17 Measured
Oxygen wt% 39.54 40.14 43.76 Measured
Total (with halides) wt% 102.26 102.29 102.50 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 17.90 18.21 19.86
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 19.21 19.50 21.26
HHVMilne MJ/kg 18.21 18.48 20.15 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 4 954.6 5 030.0 5 484.1 Measured
Fluorine (F) mg/kg 9.9 10.0 10.9 Measured

Major elements

Aluminium (Al) mg/kg (dry) 61.0 Measured
Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 15 400.0 Measured
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 440.0 Measured
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 15 300.0 Measured
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 6 400.0 Measured
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 2 000.0 Measured
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) 150.0 Measured
Phosphorus (P) mg/kg (dry) 2 820.0 Measured
Titanium (Ti) mg/kg (dry) 4.0 Measured

Minor elements

Arsenic (As) mg/kg (dry) 1.1
Cadmium (Cd) mg/kg (dry) 0.1 Measured
Cobalt (Co) mg/kg (dry) 0.6
Chromium (Cr) mg/kg (dry) 0.8 Measured
Copper (Cu) mg/kg (dry) 9.5 Measured
Manganese (Mn) mg/kg (dry) 15.0 Measured
Nickel (Ni) mg/kg (dry) 1.9 Measured
Lead (Pb) mg/kg (dry) 3.0
Vanadium (V) mg/kg (dry) 0.2 Measured
Zinc (Zn) mg/kg (dry) 23.0 Measured
Barium (Ba) mg/kg (dry) 1.2 Measured
Molybdenium (Mo) mg/kg (dry) 0.5 Measured
Selenium (Se) mg/kg (dry) 0.9

Other elements

Tin (Sn) mg/kg (dry) 0.7
Strontium (Sr) mg/kg (dry) 44.0 Measured
Boron (B) mg/kg (dry) 30.0 Measured
Antimony (Sb) mg/kg (dry) 1.2