hemp, crushed, baled (#1198)

ID-number#1198
Materialhemp, crushed, baled
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ grass/plant ▸ hemp
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [220] stro ▸ [225] hennep
Ash type550 degC
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date1998-05-11
LiteratureECN laboratories.

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 3.30
Ash content wt% 8.45 8.74
Volatile matter wt% 70.20 72.60 79.55
Fixed carbon wt% 18.04 18.66 20.45 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 43.32 44.80 49.09 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 5.69 5.88 6.44 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 1.33 1.38 1.51 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.16 0.17 0.18 Measured
Oxygen wt% 39.54 40.89 44.81 Measured
Total (with halides) wt% 102.33 102.41 102.65 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 16.45 17.10 18.73
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 17.77 18.38 20.14
HHVMilne MJ/kg 17.28 17.87 19.58 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 5 376.5 5 560.0 6 092.5 Measured
Fluorine (F) mg/kg 10.6 11.0 12.1 Measured

Major elements

Aluminium (Al) mg/kg (dry) 260.0 Measured
Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 21 000.0 Measured
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 190.0 Measured
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 13 600.0 Measured
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 4 300.0 Measured
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 1 620.0 Measured
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) 340.0 Measured
Phosphorus (P) mg/kg (dry) 2 500.0 Measured
Titanium (Ti) mg/kg (dry) 12.0 Measured

Minor elements

Arsenic (As) mg/kg (dry) 1.1
Cadmium (Cd) mg/kg (dry) 0.6 Measured
Cobalt (Co) mg/kg (dry) 0.6
Chromium (Cr) mg/kg (dry) 2.1 Measured
Copper (Cu) mg/kg (dry) 7.9 Measured
Manganese (Mn) mg/kg (dry) 21.0 Measured
Nickel (Ni) mg/kg (dry) 1.8 Measured
Lead (Pb) mg/kg (dry) 3.0
Vanadium (V) mg/kg (dry) 0.7 Measured
Zinc (Zn) mg/kg (dry) 21.0 Measured
Barium (Ba) mg/kg (dry) 2.2 Measured
Molybdenium (Mo) mg/kg (dry) 0.4 Measured
Selenium (Se) mg/kg (dry) 0.9

Other elements

Tin (Sn) mg/kg (dry) 7.6 Measured
Strontium (Sr) mg/kg (dry) 38.0 Measured
Boron (B) mg/kg (dry) 24.0 Measured
Antimony (Sb) mg/kg (dry) 1.2

Physical Properties

Ash melting behaviour

American standard method, measured in oxidizing conditions

IDT (initial deformation temperature) °C 1 315
SOT (softening or spherical temperature) °C 1 441
HT (hemispherical temperature) °C 1 451
FT (fluid temperature) °C 1 456