hemp, fan dried after crushing (#1196)

ID-number#1196
Materialhemp, fan dried after crushing
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ grass/plant ▸ hemp
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [220] stro ▸ [225] hennep
Ash type550 degC
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date1998-05-11
LiteratureECN laboratories.

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 7.00
Ash content wt% 5.12 5.51
Volatile matter wt% 69.94 75.20 79.59
Fixed carbon wt% 17.94 19.29 20.41 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 42.48 45.68 48.34 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 5.53 5.95 6.30 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 0.68 0.73 0.77 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.10 0.10 0.11 Measured
Oxygen wt% 40.06 43.08 45.59 Measured
Total (with halides) wt% 101.44 101.55 101.64 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 15.67 17.03 18.02
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 17.05 18.33 19.40
HHVMilne MJ/kg 16.85 18.11 19.17 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 4 640.7 4 990.0 5 281.0 Measured
Fluorine (F) mg/kg 9.3 10.0 10.6 Measured

Major elements

Aluminium (Al) mg/kg (dry) 88.0 Measured
Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 16 500.0 Measured
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 220.0 Measured
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 7 500.0 Measured
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 1 180.0 Measured
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 830.0 Measured
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) 94.0 Measured
Phosphorus (P) mg/kg (dry) 1 400.0 Measured
Titanium (Ti) mg/kg (dry) 4.8 Measured

Minor elements

Arsenic (As) mg/kg (dry) 1.1
Cadmium (Cd) mg/kg (dry) 0.1
Cobalt (Co) mg/kg (dry) 0.6
Chromium (Cr) mg/kg (dry) 0.8 Measured
Copper (Cu) mg/kg (dry) 4.2 Measured
Manganese (Mn) mg/kg (dry) 14.0 Measured
Nickel (Ni) mg/kg (dry) 1.0 Measured
Lead (Pb) mg/kg (dry) 3.0
Vanadium (V) mg/kg (dry) 0.3 Measured
Zinc (Zn) mg/kg (dry) 10.0 Measured
Barium (Ba) mg/kg (dry) 1.6 Measured
Molybdenium (Mo) mg/kg (dry) 0.4
Selenium (Se) mg/kg (dry) 0.9

Other elements

Tin (Sn) mg/kg (dry) 0.7
Strontium (Sr) mg/kg (dry) 33.0 Measured
Boron (B) mg/kg (dry) 14.0 Measured
Antimony (Sb) mg/kg (dry) 1.2

Physical Properties

Ash melting behaviour

American standard method, measured in oxidizing conditions

IDT (initial deformation temperature) °C 1 471
SOT (softening or spherical temperature) °C 1 475
HT (hemispherical temperature) °C 1 486
FT (fluid temperature) °C 1 498