hemp, dried in field (#1195)

ID-number#1195
Materialhemp, dried in field
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ grass/plant ▸ hemp ▸ hemp, dried in field
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [220] stro ▸ [225] hennep
Ash type550 degC
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date1998-05-11
LiteratureECN laboratories.

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 9.80
Ash content wt% 6.21 6.89
Volatile matter wt% 67.02 74.30 79.80
Fixed carbon wt% 16.97 18.81 20.20 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 41.33 45.82 49.21 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 5.34 5.92 6.36 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 0.62 0.68 0.73 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.10 0.11 0.12 Measured
Oxygen wt% 37.97 42.10 45.22 Measured
Total (with halides) wt% 101.77 101.97 102.11 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 15.04 16.94 18.19
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 16.44 18.23 19.58
HHVMilne MJ/kg 16.44 18.23 19.58 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 3 995.9 4 430.0 4 757.8 Measured
Fluorine (F) mg/kg 12.6 14.0 15.0 Measured

Major elements

Aluminium (Al) mg/kg (dry) 100.0 Measured
Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 13 300.0 Measured
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 330.0 Measured
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 12 600.0 Measured
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 4 600.0 Measured
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 1 260.0 Measured
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) 590.0 Measured
Phosphorus (P) mg/kg (dry) 1 400.0 Measured
Titanium (Ti) mg/kg (dry) 8.6 Measured

Minor elements

Arsenic (As) mg/kg (dry) 1.1
Cadmium (Cd) mg/kg (dry) 0.1
Cobalt (Co) mg/kg (dry) 0.6
Chromium (Cr) mg/kg (dry) 1.2 Measured
Copper (Cu) mg/kg (dry) 7.0 Measured
Manganese (Mn) mg/kg (dry) 15.0 Measured
Nickel (Ni) mg/kg (dry) 1.3 Measured
Lead (Pb) mg/kg (dry) 8.7 Measured
Vanadium (V) mg/kg (dry) 0.5 Measured
Zinc (Zn) mg/kg (dry) 13.0 Measured
Barium (Ba) mg/kg (dry) 9.3 Measured
Molybdenium (Mo) mg/kg (dry) 1.4 Measured
Selenium (Se) mg/kg (dry) 1.0 Measured

Other elements

Tin (Sn) mg/kg (dry) 0.7
Strontium (Sr) mg/kg (dry) 38.0 Measured
Boron (B) mg/kg (dry) 24.0 Measured
Antimony (Sb) mg/kg (dry) 1.2