hemp, dried in field (#1193)

ID-number#1193
Materialhemp, dried in field
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ grass/plant ▸ hemp ▸ hemp, dried in field
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [220] stro ▸ [225] hennep
Ash type550 degC
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date1998-05-11
LiteratureECN laboratories.

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 6.80
Ash content wt% 3.37 3.62
Volatile matter wt% 74.56 80.00 83.00
Fixed carbon wt% 15.27 16.38 17.00 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 42.39 45.48 47.19 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 5.59 6.00 6.22 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 0.40 0.43 0.45 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.07 0.08 0.08 Measured
Oxygen wt% 41.42 44.44 46.11 Measured
Total (with halides) wt% 100.16 100.17 100.18 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 15.65 16.97 17.61
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 17.04 18.28 18.97
HHVMilne MJ/kg 16.78 18.01 18.68 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 1 193.0 1 280.0 1 328.1 Measured
Fluorine (F) mg/kg 14.9 16.0 16.6 Measured

Major elements

Aluminium (Al) mg/kg (dry) 136.0 Measured
Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 4 800.0 Measured
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 750.0 Measured
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 7 700.0 Measured
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 1 170.0 Measured
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 650.0 Measured
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) 110.0 Measured
Phosphorus (P) mg/kg (dry) 1 150.0 Measured
Titanium (Ti) mg/kg (dry) 6.8 Measured

Minor elements

Arsenic (As) mg/kg (dry) 1.1
Cadmium (Cd) mg/kg (dry) 0.1
Cobalt (Co) mg/kg (dry) 0.6
Chromium (Cr) mg/kg (dry) 1.4 Measured
Copper (Cu) mg/kg (dry) 3.4 Measured
Manganese (Mn) mg/kg (dry) 13.0 Measured
Nickel (Ni) mg/kg (dry) 1.3 Measured
Lead (Pb) mg/kg (dry) 3.0
Vanadium (V) mg/kg (dry) 0.5 Measured
Zinc (Zn) mg/kg (dry) 7.7 Measured
Barium (Ba) mg/kg (dry) 2.6 Measured
Molybdenium (Mo) mg/kg (dry) 0.4
Selenium (Se) mg/kg (dry) 0.9

Other elements

Tin (Sn) mg/kg (dry) 0.7
Strontium (Sr) mg/kg (dry) 32.0 Measured
Boron (B) mg/kg (dry) 11.0 Measured
Antimony (Sb) mg/kg (dry) 1.2

Physical Properties

Ash melting behaviour

American standard method, measured in oxidizing conditions

IDT (initial deformation temperature) °C 1 377
SOT (softening or spherical temperature) °C 1 490
HT (hemispherical temperature) °C 1 495
FT (fluid temperature) °C 1 504