hemp, fresh (#1191)

ID-number#1191
Materialhemp, fresh
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ grass/plant ▸ hemp ▸ hemp, fresh
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [220] stro ▸ [225] hennep
Ash type550 degC
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date1998-05-11
Remarksharvested November 1997
LiteratureECN laboratories.

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 7.60
Ash content wt% 5.01 5.42
Volatile matter wt% 70.22 76.00 80.36
Fixed carbon wt% 17.17 18.58 19.64 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 42.20 45.67 48.29 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 5.37 5.81 6.14 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 0.50 0.54 0.57 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.09 0.10 0.10 Measured
Oxygen wt% 39.96 43.25 45.73 Measured
Total (with halides) wt% 101.09 101.18 101.25 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 15.59 17.07 18.05
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 16.95 18.34 19.39
HHVMilne MJ/kg 16.57 17.93 18.96 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 3 603.6 3 900.0 4 123.5 Measured
Fluorine (F) mg/kg 17.6 19.0 20.1 Measured

Major elements

Aluminium (Al) mg/kg (dry) 300.0 Measured
Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 9 300.0 Measured
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 1 150.0 Measured
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 9 600.0 Measured
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 3 300.0 Measured
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 930.0 Measured
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) 190.0 Measured
Phosphorus (P) mg/kg (dry) 970.0 Measured
Titanium (Ti) mg/kg (dry) 14.0 Measured

Minor elements

Arsenic (As) mg/kg (dry) 1.1
Cadmium (Cd) mg/kg (dry) 0.1
Cobalt (Co) mg/kg (dry) 0.6
Chromium (Cr) mg/kg (dry) 1.1 Measured
Copper (Cu) mg/kg (dry) 4.2 Measured
Manganese (Mn) mg/kg (dry) 6.8 Measured
Nickel (Ni) mg/kg (dry) 2.6 Measured
Lead (Pb) mg/kg (dry) 3.0
Vanadium (V) mg/kg (dry) 0.7 Measured
Zinc (Zn) mg/kg (dry) 11.0 Measured
Barium (Ba) mg/kg (dry) 2.6 Measured
Molybdenium (Mo) mg/kg (dry) 0.4
Selenium (Se) mg/kg (dry) 0.9

Other elements

Tin (Sn) mg/kg (dry) 0.7
Strontium (Sr) mg/kg (dry) 38.0 Measured
Boron (B) mg/kg (dry) 16.0 Measured
Antimony (Sb) mg/kg (dry) 1.2

Physical Properties

Ash melting behaviour

American standard method, measured in oxidizing conditions

IDT (initial deformation temperature) °C 1 344
SOT (softening or spherical temperature) °C 1 372
HT (hemispherical temperature) °C 1 384
FT (fluid temperature) °C 1 402