hemp, fresh (#1190)

ID-number#1190
Materialhemp, fresh
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ grass/plant ▸ hemp ▸ hemp, fresh
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [220] stro ▸ [225] hennep
Ash type550 degC
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date1998-05-11
Remarksharvested September 1997
LiteratureECN laboratories.

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 7.10
Ash content wt% 3.91 4.21
Volatile matter wt% 70.98 76.40 79.76
Fixed carbon wt% 18.01 19.39 20.24 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 43.46 46.78 48.84 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 5.57 6.00 6.26 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 0.41 0.44 0.46 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.06 0.07 0.07 Measured
Oxygen wt% 40.32 43.40 45.31 Measured
Total (with halides) wt% 101.21 101.30 101.35 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 15.53 16.90 17.64
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 16.92 18.21 19.01
HHVMilne MJ/kg 17.25 18.56 19.38 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 3 734.6 4 020.0 4 196.7 Measured
Fluorine (F) mg/kg 13.0 14.0 14.6 Measured

Major elements

Aluminium (Al) mg/kg (dry) 64.0 Measured
Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 12 000.0 Measured
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 180.0 Measured
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 6 300.0 Measured
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 790.0 Measured
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 690.0 Measured
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) 58.0 Measured
Phosphorus (P) mg/kg (dry) 990.0 Measured
Titanium (Ti) mg/kg (dry) 4.0 Measured

Minor elements

Arsenic (As) mg/kg (dry) 1.1
Cadmium (Cd) mg/kg (dry) 0.1
Cobalt (Co) mg/kg (dry) 0.6
Chromium (Cr) mg/kg (dry) 1.4 Measured
Copper (Cu) mg/kg (dry) 5.8 Measured
Manganese (Mn) mg/kg (dry) 6.4 Measured
Nickel (Ni) mg/kg (dry) 1.5 Measured
Lead (Pb) mg/kg (dry) 3.0
Vanadium (V) mg/kg (dry) 0.2 Measured
Zinc (Zn) mg/kg (dry) 9.5 Measured
Barium (Ba) mg/kg (dry) 1.2 Measured
Molybdenium (Mo) mg/kg (dry) 0.4
Selenium (Se) mg/kg (dry) 0.9

Other elements

Tin (Sn) mg/kg (dry) 0.7
Strontium (Sr) mg/kg (dry) 26.0 Measured
Boron (B) mg/kg (dry) 11.0 Measured
Antimony (Sb) mg/kg (dry) 1.2