hemp, fresh (#1189)

ID-number#1189
Materialhemp, fresh
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ grass/plant ▸ hemp ▸ hemp, fresh
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [220] stro ▸ [225] hennep
Ash type550 degC
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date1998-05-11
Remarksharvested September 1995
LiteratureECN laboratories.

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 9.20
Ash content wt% 4.76 5.24
Volatile matter wt% 69.46 76.50 80.73
Fixed carbon wt% 16.58 18.26 19.27 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 41.50 45.71 48.24 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 5.26 5.79 6.11 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 0.62 0.68 0.72 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.11 0.12 0.13 Measured
Oxygen wt% 39.05 43.01 45.39 Measured
Total (with halides) wt% 100.76 100.83 100.88 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 14.87 16.63 17.55
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 16.24 17.89 18.88
HHVMilne MJ/kg 16.28 17.93 18.92 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 2 560.6 2 820.0 2 975.9 Measured
Fluorine (F) mg/kg 9.1 10.0 10.6 Measured

Major elements

Aluminium (Al) mg/kg (dry) 226.0 Measured
Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 15 700.0 Measured
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 420.0 Measured
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 6 200.0 Measured
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 2 200.0 Measured
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 1 700.0 Measured
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) 210.0 Measured
Phosphorus (P) mg/kg (dry) 2 040.0 Measured
Titanium (Ti) mg/kg (dry) 18.0 Measured

Minor elements

Arsenic (As) mg/kg (dry) 1.1
Cadmium (Cd) mg/kg (dry) 0.1 Measured
Cobalt (Co) mg/kg (dry) 0.6
Chromium (Cr) mg/kg (dry) 2.7 Measured
Copper (Cu) mg/kg (dry) 10.0 Measured
Manganese (Mn) mg/kg (dry) 33.0 Measured
Nickel (Ni) mg/kg (dry) 2.1 Measured
Lead (Pb) mg/kg (dry) 3.0
Vanadium (V) mg/kg (dry) 0.5 Measured
Zinc (Zn) mg/kg (dry) 26.0 Measured
Barium (Ba) mg/kg (dry) 3.8 Measured
Molybdenium (Mo) mg/kg (dry) 0.5 Measured
Selenium (Se) mg/kg (dry) 0.9

Other elements

Tin (Sn) mg/kg (dry) 0.7
Strontium (Sr) mg/kg (dry) 27.0 Measured
Boron (B) mg/kg (dry) 14.0 Measured
Antimony (Sb) mg/kg (dry) 1.2

Physical Properties

Ash melting behaviour

American standard method, measured in oxidizing conditions

IDT (initial deformation temperature) °C 1 329
SOT (softening or spherical temperature) °C 1 401
HT (hemispherical temperature) °C 1 421
FT (fluid temperature) °C 1 435