straw flax (shive) (#1137)

ID-number#1137
Materialstraw flax (shive)
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ grass/plant ▸ flax
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [240] gewassen ▸ [249] overige gewassen
Ash typeDIN 51719
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date1998-03-06
RemarksAgricultural Biomasses
LiteratureC. Wilén, A. Moilanen and E. Kurkula: Biomass feedstock analyses, VTT publications 282 (1996).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 6.60
Ash content wt% 1.69 1.81
Volatile matter wt% 73.41 78.60 80.05
Fixed carbon wt% 18.30 19.59 19.95 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 46.98 50.30 51.23 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 5.70 6.10 6.21 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 0.56 0.60 0.61 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.07 0.07 0.07 Measured
Oxygen wt% 38.37 41.08 41.84 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 17.45 18.86 19.21
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 18.86 20.19 20.56
HHVMilne MJ/kg 18.86 20.19 20.56 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 355.9 381.0 388.0 Measured

Major elements

Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 3 362.0 Measured

Minor elements

Molybdenium (Mo) mg/kg (dry) 87.0 Measured

Physical Properties

Commonly used properties

Bulk density (ar) kg/m³ (ar) 114
Bulk density (daf) kg/m³ (daf) 106