grass pellets (#1117)

ID-number#1117
Materialgrass pellets
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ grass/plant ▸ verge grass ▸ grass pellets
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [210] gras ▸ [213] bermgras
Ash typeISO 1171, ashed at 550 degC (ECN): 19.6%
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Remarkstested in ECN CFB gasifier (BIVKIN)
LiteratureJ. W. Vermeulen and A. van der Drift: Brandstoffen uit reststromen voor circulerend wervelbedvergassing, rapportage fase 2, (non-confidential version, in Dutch), Haarlem, NV Afvalzorg (1998).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 6.71
Ash content wt% 18.23 19.54

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 37.48 40.18 49.94 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 4.22 4.52 5.62 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 1.72 1.84 2.29 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.08 0.09 0.11 Measured
Oxygen wt% 30.94 33.17 41.23 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 13.71 14.87 18.49
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 14.80 15.86 19.71
HHVMilne MJ/kg 14.22 15.24 18.94 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 6 157.1 6 600.0 8 202.8 Measured