straw (#1107)

ID-number#1107
Materialstraw
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ straw (stalk/cob/ear) ▸ others ▸ straw
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [220] stro
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
LiteratureW. L. van de Kamp and D. J. Morgan: The co-firing of pulverised bituminous coals with straw, waste paper and municipal sewage sludge. Combust. Sci. and Tech. 121 pp. 317-332 (1996).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% (ar)
Ash content wt% 8.90
Volatile matter wt% 66.30 72.78
Fixed carbon wt% 24.80 27.22 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 40.10 44.02 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 5.20 5.71 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 0.40 0.44 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.16 0.18 Measured
Oxygen wt% 40.00 43.91 Measured
Total (with halides) wt% 95.04 94.56 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 14.90 16.36
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 16.03 17.60
HHVMilne MJ/kg 15.59 17.11 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 2 800.0 3 073.5 Measured