rye straw (#1100)

Materialrye straw
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ straw (stalk/cob/ear) ▸ rye ▸ rye straw
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [220] stro ▸ [229] overig stro
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Remarksash average of three samples; Si, Ca, K, Cl average of 10 samples; (hemi)cellulose and lignin average of two samples
LiteratureB. Sander: Fuel data for Danish biofuels and improvement of the quality of straw and whole crops. Biomass for energy and environment. Proc. 9th Eur. bioenergy conf. (Eds. P.Chartier et al.), pp.490-495, Pergamon (1996). + Biomass&Bioenergy 12(1997)177-183


Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% (ar)
Ash content wt% 3.10

Ultimate Analysis

Total (with halides) wt% 3.34 0.25 Calculated

Chemical Analyses


Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 2 400.0 2 476.8 Measured

Major elements

Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 9 700.0 Measured
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 2 700.0 Measured
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 3 500.0 Measured

Biochemical composition

Cellulose wt% (dry) 51.00 Measured
Hemicellulose wt% (dry) 21.00 Measured
Lignin wt% (dry) 17.00 Average
Total ash + biochemical wt% (dry) 92.10 Calculated