wheat straw (#1098)

Materialwheat straw
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ straw (stalk/cob/ear) ▸ wheat ▸ wheat straw
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [220] stro ▸ [223] tarwestro
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Remarksash, N, S average of three samples; i, Ca, K, Cl average of 33 samples; (hemi)cellulose and lignin avergae of 5 samples
LiteratureB. Sander: Fuel data for Danish biofuels and improvement of the quality of straw and whole crops. Biomass for energy and environment. Proc. 9th Eur. bioenergy conf. (Eds. P.Chartier et al.), pp.490-495, Pergamon (1996). + Biomass&Bioenergy 12(1997)177-183


Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Main biomass properties

Proximate analysis

Moisture content wt% (ar)
Ash content wt% 3.50

Ultimate analysis (macroelements)

Nitrogen wt% 0.44 0.46 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.10 0.10 Measured
Total (with halides) wt% 4.45 0.98 Calculated


Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 4 100.0 4 248.7 Measured

Trace elements composition

Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 3 300.0 Measured
Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 10 000.0 Measured
Phosphorus (P) mg/kg (dry) 300.0 Measured
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 9 000.0 Measured

Biochemical analysis

Cellulose, hemicellulose, lignin

Cellulose wt% (dry) 45.00 Measured
Hemicellulose wt% (dry) 24.00 Measured
Lignin wt% (dry) 16.00 Average


Total ash + biochemical wt% (dry) 88.50 Calculated