spring barley (#1096)

Materialspring barley
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ straw (stalk/cob/ear) ▸ barley ▸ barley
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [220] stro ▸ [222] gerstestro
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Remarksash, S and N average of three samples; Si, Ca, K and Cl average of 26 samples; (hemi)cellulose and lignin average of 8 samples.
LiteratureB. Sander: Fuel data for Danish biofuels and improvement of the quality of straw and whole crops. Biomass for energy and environment. Proc. 9th Eur. bioenergy conf. (Eds. P.Chartier et al.), pp.490-495, Pergamon (1996). + Biomass&Bioenergy 12(1997)177-183


Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% (ar)
Ash content wt% 4.80

Ultimate Analysis

Nitrogen wt% 0.76 0.80 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.10 0.11 Measured
Total (with halides) wt% 6.03 1.29 Calculated

Chemical Analyses


Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 3 700.0 3 886.6 Measured

Major elements

Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 8 600.0 Measured
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 4 300.0 Measured
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 4 600.0 Measured

Biochemical composition

Cellulose wt% (dry) 45.00 Measured
Hemicellulose wt% (dry) 22.00 Measured
Lignin wt% (dry) 16.00 Average
Total ash + biochemical wt% (dry) 87.80 Calculated